Practitioner's Guide to
Former Deputy Auditor General of Pakistan
Muhammad Akram Khan, a pioneer in the effective use of Performance Auditing, is an Audit Professional with over 40 years' experience. He developed the Performance Auditing Methodology used by the Department of the Auditor General, Pakistan. For years he served as the Director General of Performance Auditing in the Department of the Auditor General of Pakistan. Since January 2010, he is working as a Performance Audit Specialist, responsible for building capacity in performance auditing, training auditors and writing manual of performance auditing for the Department of the Auditor General of Pakistan.
In 2009, he worked as a consultant for the United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome and conducted performance audit of the FAO’s Missions in Somalia and Sudan.
During 2008, Mr. Akram Khan wrote several research papers on various aspects of auditing, financial management and accountability for the World Bank Institute, besides consulting for the Organization for Security and Control in Europe (OSCE) as an Audit Consultant. As consultant of OSCE, he trained auditors in performance auditing and also supervised a real-life audit.
During 2003-2007 Mr. Akram Khan
Resident Auditor at the United Nations Peacekeeping Missions
Timor, Congo and Sudan.
During 2002-03, Mr. Akram Khan
with the Government of Pakistan and developed a Strategy for
Introducing Internal Audit into the Federal and Provincial
He wrote a state-of-the-art Government Internal Audit
drafted Internal Audit Law for the Government of Pakistan.
Before joining the United Nations Office of Internal Oversight as Chief Resident Auditor in June 2003, he was Deputy Auditor General of Pakistan. He has a diversified experience of working in the public sector at a senior level. He worked as Additional Secretary in the Ministry of Finance, Government of Pakistan, where he was the Manager of the Public Debt of the country. For over two years, he served at the apex level as Member Finance in the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority, a regulatory body for the Telecom Sector.
In the Department of the Auditor General of Pakistan, where he spent about three decades, he held various positions from Assistant Director of Audit to Deputy Auditor General.
His international experience includes work as Chairman Board of Auditors, Economic Cooperation Organization, Tehran in 1996 and Member of the said Board during 1995-97. He was member of the Board of Auditors for the Organization of Islamic Countries, Jeddah during 1995-97.
Beside, he was a visiting
performance auditing in the International Islamic University
He has been a regular speaker on performance auditing for
programs of senior executives and middle managers in the
Institutes of Public Administration, Lahore and Pakistan
Staff College, Lahore. At both these institutions, senior
participate for in-service training.
His previous experience includes the delivery of numerous training courses and workshops for auditors in Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia and China. Responsible for training auditors of all levels in the Department of the Auditor General of Pakistan, he trained hundreds of auditors in scores of professional courses, developed training material for various programs, and wrote a training manual for the department.Mr. Khan has audited various departments and ministries of the Government of Pakistan including Post Office, Railway, Telephone, Public Works, Public Enterprises, and Foreign Missions.
Mr. Khan is well known internationally both for representing Pakistan at over 44 international conferences. He represented Pakistan at UNCTAD’s Intergovernmental Group of Experts on International Standards of Accounting and Reporting (ISAR) at Geneva during 1998-2000.
His contributions to the Internal Audit Profession include his extensive writing consisting of 14 books / booklets and 46 research papers – click the current vitae link below for a partial listing.
He is Fellow of the Canadian
Auditing Foundation, Ottawa, Canada, Sponsoring Governor of
Association of Accounting Technicians (Pakistan Institute of
Finance and Accounting), and Member of the Institute of
Auditors, Florida, USA.
Mr. Khan has Master of Science
from the University of Aston in the United Kingdom and both
Commerce and Bachelor of Commerce (Honours) degrees from the
University. He won several distinctions including four Gold
two Silver Medals for his excellence as a student.
In “A Practitioner’s Guide to
Auditing - Secnd Edition” Mr. Khan shares the vast amount of
he has gained about Performance Auditing in his 35 years of
This Second Edition is a
publication updated and expanded from the Guide published in
has been so very well received in the professional
Mr. Khan incorporates the very valuable feedback from users with his recent experience in performing performance audit at an international level to provide an even better Guide.
Since publication of the first edition Mr. Khan has accumulated more valuable insights that he shares in this edition.
The present edition contains several real-life illustrations and case studies. It takes the reader along through all stages of audit: planning, executing and reporting. The reader can see how a performance audit blooms into a full-fledged report from the initial stage of audit planning. The Guide is designed specifically for Internal Audit Professionals who would like to improve their auditing effort employing Performance Auditing.
Mr. Khan also authored the unique guide A Practitioner's Guide to Corruption Auditing
The content of the publication is as follows:
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